Mesh & Moser Situation Management
27.01.2020 – 23.07.2021
Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz
National radiological emergencies represent a complex stressful situation for the responsible authorities as well as for those affected and are also perceived as such by the general public and the media. Any communication with these two focus groups, authorities on the one hand and affected, general and media public on the other hand, must therefore be timely and understandable and must satisfy the interest of the respective focus group. The aim of any information and communication in radiological emergencies must be to make decision-making that is appropriate to the situation and situation enable protection goals to be achieved and inappropriate reactions that do more harm than good to be avoided. The Radiation Protection Act in Germany specifies that in the event of a national radiological emergency, the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) is setting up a Radiological Situation Center (RLZ). The RLZ is responsible for the creation of a radiological situation report and is the responsibility of the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS). The situation picture provides relevant information on the type and scope of the emergency, the current situation and the expected development and thus forms the basis for decisions by those responsible in the responsible authorities with regard to necessary ones Protective measures and other measures of emergency and disaster protection. The situation report created by the Radiological Situation Center in the event of national radiological emergencies is therefore the central and most important document for information on the situation in Germany.
The aim of the project is to examine the current radiological situation for comprehensibility and usability for its users and addressees and to raise the media's claim to information prepared from the situation picture. In addition, the situation report should be further developed based on the analysis in such a way that it can also be understood by government officials and users who do not have any radiological knowledge, especially radiation protection knowledge. This is to make it easier to quickly achieve a uniform and as clear as possible level of knowledge regarding the location of a radiological emergency among all addressees and users of the situation picture. Finally, the transfer of information to the media is to be further developed in order to inform the population as quickly as possible in an understandable manner about the current situation. Social media are also given special attention.
As part of the project, the DCNA is carrying out and evaluating numerous interviews with people from the heterogeneous group of recipients in order to determine the desired improvements in the situation.